Currently there are almost 7 thousand different languages in the world. More than 1,000,000 speakers have about 400 languages. But it is also difficult to imagine a non-linguist.
It is only natural that world globalization develops in proportional progression, and once in the world only one global language will prevail. People will not only speak it, but also think. Most likely, sometime it can be. But what language is more likely to win this race of globalization?
Take a look at the 10 most common languages in the world.
1. Chinese / Mandarin – 1,300 million carriers in 37 countries.
2. Spanish – 437 million carriers in 31 countries.
3. English – 372 million speakers in 106 countries.
4. Arabic – 295 million speakers in 57 countries.
5. Hindi – 260 million carriers in 5 countries.
6. Bengali – 242 million carriers in 4 countries.
7. Portuguese – 219 million carriers in 13 countries.
8. Russian – 154 million carriers in 19 countries.
9. Japanese – 128 million speakers in 2 countries.
10. Lahnda – 119 million carriers in 6 countries.
Why is Chinese in the first place, of course. The huge area and 1300 million Chinese has determined the first place in this rating. Although there are more than 15 dialects in Chinese itself, a Chinese who is not necessarily speaking the same dialect can understand another Mandarin speaker. Yes, many Chinese dialects are mutually incomprehensible. But written Chinese is understandable in all regions of China.
Why is Spanish in second place? Yes, simply because in the 15-18 centuries Spain had the largest number of colonies in the world: South, Central and most of North America. He is also in Asia. The Philippines were also in those days the Spanish colony.
As in Chinese, there are also many dialects in Spanish. But these differences are not as significant as in the Chinese dialects. And the speakers of different Spanish dialects can understand each other without problems.
English, like Spanish, is colonial. English colonies from the 15th century were until the beginning of the 20th in North America, India, Pakistan, Africa and Australia.
Because of the advantages gained after the Second World War, the United States of America overtook all countries in economic development, made a huge leap in the development of various areas of technology, technology and medicine.
In addition, the development of online communities and social networks allows the growth of primarily English, as well as Chinese, Arabic and Hindi, which already overtake German and French in this field.
What place will be allotted in the distant future to the Russian language? Although the global globalization of the language will not be soon, it is not very pleasant that our native and favorite Russian language may be only to some extent understandable to a small group of ethnographers who are trying to experience what Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov meant when he spoke that in Russian you can find:
“… the splendor of Spanish, and the liveliness of French, and the fortress of German, and the tenderness of Italian, and the wealth, and the strong visuality of Latin and Greek.”